You and your partner have decided to have a baby, and it's going to be a great adventure! But one word can be a real headache: ovulation. How do you define it? After reading this article, you'll know everything about the timeframe during which fertilization is possible.
- The female cycle varies between 21 and 35 days, with an average of 28 days. However, what happens during this time? When does ovulation occur?
- The first phase, called the follicular phase, occurs from day 1 to day 14 for women with a 28-day cycle. The ovary produces estrogens, the egg matures and is enveloped by a follicle, and the uterine lining thickens.
- On day 14, ovulation occurs: the follicle ruptures to release the egg, ready to be fertilized.
- From the 14th to the 28th day, the post-ovulatory phase occurs, known as luteal. The ovary then secretes a new hormone: progesterone. This will lead to the thickening of the uterine lining.
- If there is no fertilization, the “corpus luteum” of the ovary which secretes this hormone atrophies after 14 days, the level of progesterone falls, and causes the evacuation of the uterine lining. This is the period.
- If there is fertilization, the uterine mucosa will continue to thicken, and the production of estrogen and progesterone continues.
To give yourself the best chance of success, you should determine your ovulation period according to your cycle.
- To calculate it, you don't need a Ph.D. in math! If your menstrual cycle is regular, you should be able to simply calculate your ovulation period by subtracting 14 days from your cycle.
- Your body will also send you many signs that you are ovulating: temperature, abdominal pain, tender or swollen breasts…
- If you have irregular cycles or want to be certain, you can also take an ovulation test, which is 99% reliable.
- During the time of ovulation, it is advisable to have regular sexual intercourse to boost your chances of conceiving a baby: three days before and three days after ovulation are a great rule of thumb.
- Try to avoid having sex three days before your fertility window is there! Why? To preserve a high sperm count.
- Beware of preconceived ideas: making love before ovulation to have a girl or after to conceive a boy is a legend yet to be proven true!
- All that truly matters is welcoming a healthy baby nine months later!